The Function of NHRI

Many countries have established special commissions to help uphold both laws and regulations about protecting human rights so that they can be properly applied. Said commissions, however, tend to be constituted by members that come from different backgrounds. Those individuals, in addition, also have specific interest, experience, or expertise concerning the human rights field. Human rights commissions typically deal with giving protection against mistreatment and discrimination to those within the state’s jurisdiction.

The Function of NHRI

They also mostly deal with civil liberties. Human rights commissions functions as a medium where complaints from individuals (and groups, at times) can be received and investigated. Many commissions resort to either arbitration or conciliation when dealing with conflicts. A human rights commission, // in many instances, can obtain the authority to impose an outcome that is legally binding on parties involved with a complaint. If there is no decision made at the end of conciliation or arbitration, the unresolved can be transferred by the human rights commission to the conventional courts for a final resolution. It is entirely possible for NHRIs to tackle issues of human rights by involving a public authority directly. In terms of non-state entities, human rights institutions function as one of the following:

1. As a party that addresses disputes or grievances that involve certain types of company (such as enterprises that are state-owned, private companies with services for public, federal-level companies),
2. As a party that addresses only certain kinds of issues on human rights (such as labor or non-discrimination rights),
3. As a party that addresses disputes or complaints that stem from human rights issue, involving any company.
NHRIs can also function to protect and promote state’s responsibilities and individual rights as they can:
1. Provide advice to the state on how to determine obligations and commitments on both international and domestic level,
2. Receive, investigate, and resolve complaints on human rights,
3. Provide education and publicity on human rights for everyone regardless of their status,
4. Monitor state’s human rights situation and related actions, and
5. Engage with international community to advocate recommendations on human rights and raise awareness about a state’s pressing issues.

The Paris Principles outline that the NHRIs are responsible for preparing reports on the national situation about human rights. The responsibility is carried out by reporting the status annually. NHRIs can also monitor the state on its compliance with both domestic and international laws and recommend changes if required.

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